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Offshore wind energy is

a renewable source of great potential

 


Offshore wind energy is undergoing rapid development, with ever more demanding requirements and potential for its implementation than onshore wind power.

 

Advantages

  • Improved load factor
  • Turbines and farms of greater capacity
  • Greater areas of availability
  • No visual impact or noise restrictions

Requirements

  • New technological challenges
  • Problems of grid connection
  • Installation and O & M costs
  • Need for new contractual models to reduce risk and  CAPEX

These differences are reflected in  greater investment and a different cost structure in offshore wind energy.


grafico diferencias

Growth in accumulated capacity (GW) of offshore wind energy worldwide

evolucion GW mundia en

focusing on Europe

as the beginning of its worldwide expansion

 



Installed wind power capacity by country 2013 (MW)

grafico capacidad eolica paises



Thanks to developments in foundations, offshore parks are located in waters of greater depth and in areas more remote from the coast.


  • Currently, the average location of the 69 farms installed in Europe is at 16 metres of depth and 29 km from the coast (the majority being turbines fixed on the seabed using monopile gravity foundations).
  • The future lies in floating structures and other concepts, which will increase viability and profitability of offshore wind of coastlines with deeper waters.


Location of offshore wind farms

grafico ubicacion

 
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